Law No. 10 of 1987 with regard to Public and Private State Property 10 / 1987
Number of Articles: 27
Table of Content



We, Khalifa bin Hamad Al-Thani, Emir of Qatar,
Having perused the Amended Provisional Constitution, in particular Articles 23, 34, 51 thereof,
Law No. 2 of 1962 regulating the fiscal policy in Qatar,
Law No. 5 of 1963 concerning the impermissibility of  acquisition of immovable property by aliens in Qatar,
Law No. 14 of 1964 concerning the real estate registration system, as amended,
Law No. 5 of 1970 determining the powers of ministers, the functions of ministries and
other government agencies, and amending laws thereof,
Law No. 16 of 1971 promulgating the Civil and Commercial Articles Law as amended by Law No. 10 of 1982,
Law No. 2 of 1980 on antiques,
Resolution No. 12 of 1966 concerning the Executive Bylaw of Law No. 14 of 1964 concerning the
real estate registration system and amending resolution,
The Council of Ministers Resolution No. 1 of 1976 on registration of real estate and amending resolution,
The Council of Mini


Part 1: Public State Property

Article 1


 Public State property is the immovable and movable property that belongs to the State or to public legal entities that are de facto dedicated for public benefit or under a law, decree, Emiri decree or Cabinet resolution.
Such property may not be disposed of by any kind of legal transaction, or attachment, or taken over by prescription or the acquisition of any tangible right thereover. Furthermore, such property may not be acquired or utilized in any way except in the cases and under the conditions prescribed by the law.
Anything that takes places in violation of the above shall be void. Where there is any infringement on this property, the body that is tasked with the management or supervision thereof may remove the infringement administratively.


 

Article 2


 The allocation of something for public benefit shall be actual, by the State’s creating the item privately owned thereby for public benefit and actually reserving it for this benefit.
Where such item is owned by individuals, its ownership shall, first be transferred to the State.
No person may be deprived of his property except in the cases determined by law and in the manner prescribed thereby.  
Such deprivation shall be in exchange of fair consideration in accordance with the law taking into account the special customary rules and regulations applicable in this regard.


 

Article 3


 The following shall be deemed Public State property:
 
(a) The seashore until the farthest distance the tide waves reach with a shore sanctuary for a distance of ten meters.
(b) Lakes, ponds and salt marshes linked to the sea, with the reserve of the piece of land surrounding them for a distance of ten meters.
(c) Land that is exposed by the low tide water of the sea, ponds, swamps and water canals and channels that had not been previously owned by anyone.
(d) Roads, streets, lanes and public squares.
(e) Lines and means of transportation and public land, sea and air transport.
(f) Ports, harbours, marinas, docks, marine basins, bays, navigation channels, and marine dams.
(g) Water canals, streams, underground and aboveground water channels, and water tanks intended for general distribution.
(h) Telephone and telegraph wired and wireless public communications networks, electricity networks intended for public lighting, public radio and television transmission networks, and tools, equipment and installations of these networks.
(i) Fortification, defence and land installations in areas of fortifications, arsenals and military camps, weapons and war material, war ships, vessels and boats.
(j) Real estate and real estate by destination, allocated to the Emiri council, the ministries, government interests and public legal entities.
(k) Public museums, monuments and libraries.
(l) Mosques and Friday mosques, subject to the provisions of Islamic law relating to endowment.


 

Article 4


 Public immoveable property of the State shall be demarcated and identified on public survey maps. No real estate documents shall be opened for them in the Real Estate Registry unless there are rights of disposal, benefit or easement by virtue of local customs.
 
The identification and registration of public property shall take place in accordance with the preceding paragraph. While applying for real estate registration and establishing private ownership, the relevant employee shall record the borders on the survey map of ??the State during the demarcation of the private property required to be registered, or at the request of the relevant department which this property falls under or any other body concerned.
Objections may be raised against the demarcation and identification of public real estate on the survey maps; and against the resolution issued for opening the real estate papers in the Real Estate Registry; before the “Real Estate Registration Committee” established by Cabinet resolution No. 1 of 1976.
For the notification of stakeholders of the resolutions of this committee and in the announcement of these resolutions and objection thereto, the provisions of Cabinet Resolution No. (2) of 1977, referred to shall be followed.
 


 

Article 5


 A natural or legal person may be granted, by a decree, a concession to benefit from or utilize a specific asset of public State property.
A decree granting the concession shall be issued based upon a proposal of the relevant authority in accordance with the nature of the use of the property or properties subject to the concession. The property subject to the concession, the duration of the concession, its conditions and the obligations of the concessionaire shall be specified in the decree.


 

Article 6


 The concession may be cancelled and the license withdrawn prior to the expiry of the specified period by a decree which shall be the issued based on the proposal of the relevant authority referred to in the preceding article.
If the cancellation is not on account of the negligence of the concessionaire, he may be granted all or part of the costs or expenses he incurred, provided that the benefits that he may have earned during the period of occupation, the grants and aid received from the State and the loss incurred due to the withdrawal of the license are taken into consideration.
The assessment of the costs and expenses shall be done by a committee which shall be formed by an Emiri resolution.


 

Article 6 - BIS


 
With the exception of public utilities and natural resources, a specific asset of public state property may be leased to a natural or legal person for the purpose of taking benefit therefrom or utilizing the same.
The lease contracts shall be subject to ratification by the Emir if the annual rental value is in excess of 500,000 (five hundred thousand) riyals, and the ratification of the Minister of Finance and Trade if it does not exceed this value. 


 

Article 7


 Public property shall lose its status if it ceases to be allocated for public benefit.
It shall cease to be allocated for public benefit by virtue of a law, decree, Emiri resolution or Cabinet resolution; indeed or by the termination of the purpose for which the property was allocated for public benefit.


 

Part 2: Private State Property own

Article 8


 Private State property is the immovable and movable property owned by the State or a public legal entity that is not allocated for a public benefit or the allocation of which for public benefit has expired.


 

Article 9


 The following shall be deemed Private State Property:
 
1- Lands that have no owner and which fall within the boundaries of cities and towns or outside the same.
2- Barren lands (uncultivated), desert lands and grasslands which fall outside the boundaries of cities and towns.
3 - Agricultural and barren lands which the State had granted on condition of its being cultivated or invested for a particular purpose and the owners thereof have ceased the implementation of this requirement for five consecutive years, provided that these owners are compensated for any facilities they may have erected thereon if the conditions for compensation are found.
4- All real estate, real estate by destination and movable property owned by the State or public legal entities that is not allocated for public benefit.
5 - Deceased estates for which there are no heirs and the property of missing persons who do not have any heir or agent if their absence has continued for more than fifteen years.
6 - Abandoned pieces of public property like the remnants of public roads and public spaces.
7 - Treasures and items of value or items that are stored in anything of the past, that no one can establish ownership of.


 

Article 10 (Amended By Law 2/2013) (Amended By Law 12/1994)


 The State Property division at the Department of Real Estate Registration and Notarisation shall be attached to the Department of State Property. The private real estate of the State shall be recorded in a special register at this department in sequential numbers, including specification of the description of each of them, its area, borders and inclusions, with the provision that any transactions that might occur on the real estate relating to ownership, any other tangible real estate right, its transfer, change or removal; as well as final judgments established for any of the above; must be added to these details in order. Each property shall have a dedicated file containing the documents and papers related to it.
The relevant employees at the Department of State Property must use the information from those overseeing the Department of Private Real Estate of the State and any other information available to them; conduct research and investigations to ascertain all the real estate owned by the State privately; record the entry in the special register together with identifying those non-registered in the Real Estate Registry; and adopt the procedures for their registration and issuance of ownership bonds on behalf of the State in accordance with the provisions of the Real Estate Registration Act and its executive bylaw.
In addition to the register referred to in the preceding two paragraphs, the Department of State Property shall be responsible to maintain a special register for each of public housing, housing of senior staff and Emiri land grants, in which the names of the beneficiaries shall be recorded. The Department shall also maintain a register containing the alphabetical index of their names, to identify them and ensure that one beneficiary does not obtain more than one grant.


 

Article 11 (Amended By Law 2/2013) (Amended By Law 12/1994)


 The Department of State Property shall be responsible for administering the private real estate of the State with the exception of real estate the administration of which is assigned to a specific body in this Law, and real estate allocated for the purposes of a Ministry, government department or a public authority or corporation, which bodies shall administer the real estate allocated to them, provided that the body to which it was allocated is indicated before each of these properties in the special register at the Department of State Property. The allocation shall take place with the approval of the Emir.
The executive bylaw of this Law shall specify the terms of reference of the Department of State Property and its organization and shall detail its divisions and system of operation.


 

Article 12


 Any stakeholder may raise an objection against the registration of ownership of real estate or a tangible real estate right as private state property.
The provisions stipulated in Article 4 of this Law shall apply with respect to the submission of the objection, its review, adjudication and challenge.
The administrator of the lands or his representative, or the director of the department or institution that administers or supervises state owned real estate, shall represent the state, before committees and courts, in the disputes that take place .
 


 

Article 13


 No natural or legal person may, in any capacity whatsoever, own, hold, or control privately owned property of the state or a public legal entity, except by a disposal that takes place in the relevant body in accordance with the provisions of the following articles.
As an exception to these provisions, license may be granted for the use of the property referred to under a decree that includes the name of the licensee, the type of use and the conditions and obligations of the beneficiary.
Ownership of private State property or any other tangible right over it may not be acquired by prescription.
Any disposal or assignment of any tangible right or lease or control that takes place in violation of the above provisions shall be void.
No infringement is allowed on the mentioned property.  In the event of there being any infringement on the same the body that is tasked with the administration or supervision thereof may remove the infringement administratively.


 

Article 14 (Amended By Law 12/1994)


 The Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Agriculture shall be responsible for the administration and supervision of agricultural and arable state lands and grasslands.  
The executive bylaw of the Law shall specify the terms of reclamation, cultivation, utilization, transfer of title and lease of such lands.   
The contracts entered into by the Ministry for the transfer of title of such lands, whatever their value, shall be subject to the approval of the Emir.
Other contracts shall be subject to the approval of the Emir if the annual value is in excess of 500,000 (five hundred thousand) riyals annually, and the approval of the Minister of Finance and Economy if it does not exceed this value.


 

Article 15 (Amended By Law 2/2013) (Amended By Law 12/1994)


 The occupants of the lands referred to in Clause 2 of Article 9 of this Law - with the exception of grasslands - may request to purchase these lands or lease them. Where such request is not submitted within one year of the effective date of this Law, or their request is rejected, they must be evicted from those lands. The Department of State Property may remove the existing buildings or plantations or retain the same as owned by the State.
Any person for whom actual possession of tracts of these lands is established for five consecutive years prior to the issuance of this Law, shall have priority over others to purchase or lease them if it is decided that they will be sold or leased.
The executive bylaw shall detail the procedures to be followed to achieve control over these lands.
 


 

Article 16 (Amended By Law 2/2013) (Amended By Law 12/1994)


 The director of the Department of State Property or the Minister under whom the body for which these lands were allocated falls, may dispose of non-agricultural lands, whether vacant, built up or occupied by fixed or non-fixed installations, by sale or lease, to their occupants or others, in accordance with the terms and conditions prescribed by the executive bylaw, according to the rules prescribed in the applicable laws.
The contracts of sale and lease shall be subject to ratification thereof in accordance with the provisions of the second paragraph of Article of 14 of this Law.
 


 

Article 17 (Amended By Law 2/2013) (Amended By Law 12/1994)


 The State and public legal entities shall have the right to collect the rental or price due thereto for the real estate or movable property privately owned by it through administrative means.
The relevant Minister, in accordance with the preceding article, or the director of the Department of State Property, as the case may be, may cancel the lease contracts referred to if the lessee or the possessor breaches any material obligation required by the law or the contract, or if required by the allocation of the property for the purpose of public benefit.  
In these instances the lessee whose contract was cancelled shall be entitled to compensation for the plantation or installations in accordance with the requirements of general rules.
The resolution for cancellation of the lease contract shall be implemented by administrative means.


 

Article 18


 The ownership of real estate disposed of by the State or a public legal entity shall devolve, in accordance with the provisions of this Law, to the person to whom it was disposed together with the rights of benefit or use, without incurring any right to claim compensation in return for these rights.
The person to whom ownership of any of these real estate properties devolves may only dispose of it in whole or part after discharging the price and related charges in full to the relevant body.


 

Article 19


 All transactions validly concluded prior to the effect of the provisions of this law on real estate privately owned by the State or a public legal entity shall remain in effect with the same terms and conditions applicable at the time of conclusion.
 
 


 

Article 20


 The deadline stipulated in Article 19 of Law No. 14 of 1964 with respect to the Real Estate Registration System shall be extended for two years from the effective date of this Law.
The real estate for which no-one has submitted a registration application within this period shall be deemed vacant and not owned by any person. The ownership of the same shall devolve to the State and it shall be registered in the private state property register.
The owners of such properties may request the transfer of ownership of the same to them, if they establish their right therein and present justified excuses for not applying for registration within the period referred to.
The application shall be submitted to the Real Estate Registration Committee established by Cabinet Resolution No. 1 of 1976 referred to.  Its resolution for dismissal thereof may be challenged before the Civil Court within fifteen days from the date of the announcement to the person concerned.
 


 

Article 14 - BIS (Added By: Law 2 / 2013)


 


 

Part 3: Penalties

Article 21


A sanction of  imprisonment not exceeding six months, and a fine of not more than six thousand (6000) riyals, or either of these sanctions, shall be imposed on any person who infringes on any public or private state property, or possesses, uses or takes benefit from the same in any manner whatsoever, in circumstances other than those permitted by law or in violation of the terms and conditions prescribed by the laws and executive bylaws regulating the method of disposal or utilization of such properties.
Judgement shall be passed, in all instances, for the removal of the causes of the violation and for compensation for the damages that resulted therefrom.
 
 


 

Article 21 - BIS (Added By: Law 2 / 2013)


Without prejudice to any more severe sanction provided for by another law, a sanction of a fine of not more than one hundred thousand (100,000) riyals,  shall be imposed on any person who violates the provisions of Article 14 (bis) of this Law.
Judgement shall be passed, in addition to the above, for the removal of the causes of the violation without prejudice to the liability for the damages resulting from the same. 


 

Part 4: General Provisions

Article 22 (Amended By Law 2/2013) (Amended By Law 12/1994)


 Employees of the Ministry of Municipality and Urban Planning and the Ministry of the Environment, for whom a resolution of the Attorney General in agreement with the Minister of Municipality and Urban Planning or the Minister of the Environment, as the case may be, is issued that they be granted the position of law enforcement officers, each within the scope of his terms of reference, may enforce and establish the offences that occur in violation of the provisions of this law.


 

Article 22 - BIS (Added By: Decree 18 / 1996)


 


 

Article 23


 The Cabinet shall issue the bylaws and resolutions necessary for the implementation of this law.


 

Article 24


 Any provision that contradicts the provisions of this law shall be repealed.  


 

Article 25


 All competent authorities, each within their competence, shall execute this law which shall come into force 60 days after being published in the Official Gazette.


 


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